Recently Released JMIR Publications »Dissemination and Implementation of a Google Apple Exposure Notification System for COVID-19 Risk Mitigation at a National Public University: Protocol for a Pilot Evaluation Study in a Real-World Settingin JMIR Research Protocols which reported that this document describes the protocol for South Carolina Safer Together, developed by Clemson University to design, pass, and evaluate communication and dissemination and implementation strategies (D&I ) at multiple levels in accordance with recommendations from government and educational agencies to reduce the risk of exposure to COVID-19.
Safer Together has been enhanced with the addition of the Google/Apple Exposure Notification app, an alternative strategy to support a COVID-19 test result recommendation:
- Contact tracing
- Isolation, and
This study aimed to describe the content and public targets of the D&I strategies used to issue recommended COVID-19 coping strategies on a large college campus; determine the reach, acceptability, adoption and use of D&I strategies among target audiences (university students, faculty and staff); and characterize barriers and facilitators to the implementation and use of recommended mitigation strategies.
The study team incorporated elements of the Health Belief Model, the Technology Acceptance Model, the Communication and Social Marketing Models, and the Reach, Efficacy, Adoption Framework , Implementation, and Maintenance to identify and develop appropriate concepts and specific outcomes to include in our approach to evaluating the communication, dissemination, and implementation processes related to the deployment of Safer Together in Clemson.
Researchers offer a roadmap for rolling out COVID-19 risk mitigation initiatives in educational institutions @MUSCHealth https://t.co/sPLpQ8o2Nx
-; Medical Xpress (@physorg_health) February 1, 2022
At the local level, widespread adoption and use of Safer Together can help reduce the transmission of COVID-19 and keep the university going.”open.” On a larger scale, lessons learned about how to influence student and employee behavior regarding the use of a public health outbreak prevention tool, including Safer Together, can be applied to future pandemics and epidemics.
This study offers a theory-based approach to evaluate the dissemination and implementation strategies associated with the deployment of Safer Together in a university setting from the perspective of students, employees and university management.
As SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spread rapidly across the United States in the spring of 2020, institutions of higher education (IHE) faced many challenges associated with minimizing the risk of exposure to COVID-19 among their students, faculty, staff and surrounding communities.
Dr. Kathleen B Cartmell, Clemson University
To meet the recommended strategy of implementing actions to support test results such as contact tracing, isolation and quarantine, Clemson has also leveraged a new partnership between the public health authority from the State of South Carolina, the SC Department of Health and Environmental Control, Google and Apple.
Compared to conventional contact tracing based on »case“To remember, cell phone exposure notifications have the potential to notify individuals of exposures more quickly, identify a more complete set of actual contacts, and better assess the extent of exposure.
The first set of student messages regarding recommended strategies and the use of Safer Together was delivered through Clemson Student Housing on October 28, 2020 to students in both dorms.
A message to students was emailed explaining Safer Together and its ability to let students know if they had been exposed to someone with confirmed COVID-19, encourage them to download the app, link the application to the Healthy Clemson United as Tigers app and understand what to do if notified of a potential exposure.
Given the small size of this pilot project with students in only 2 dorms and that on-campus isolation was not a burden on university employees, Clemson administration issued messages on Safer Together to all CleOn November 20, 2020, mson employees asked to download and activate Safer Together and informed them of the effort to evaluate Safer Together deployment strategies.
Dr. Cartmell and the research team concluded in their JMIR Research Output publications, “This study proposes an approach based on the RE-AIM framework, to assess the dissemination and implementation strategies associated with the deployment of Safer Together in a university setting from the perspective of students, employees and university management. The results of this study will inform the future implementation of apps such as Safer Together at major state universities.
Melvin, CL, et al. (2022) Dissemination and Implementation of a Google Apple Exposure Notification System for COVID-19 Risk Mitigation at a National Public University: Protocol for a Pilot Evaluation Study in a Real-World Setting. JMIR research protocols. doi.org/10.2196/32567.