Two new “regions”, with three “zones” each for Italy: that’s what Google is doing these days, with the first region already active and the second to come. But no one will have to change residence or domicile: the “regions” in question are those of Google Cloud, the network of servers that the Mountain View giant makes available to companies.
The two new “territories” in the Google Cloud Regions Map are Milan, where the new region is already operational, and Turin, which will soon be activated. In total, there are only 34 Google regions in the world, which shows how much Google is investing in Italy, where it has brought up to two regions, with six zones (out of a total of 103 zones in the world ). In showcasing its new infrastructure in Italy, Google said it will have an economic impact of up to €3.3 billion and help create up to 65,000 new jobs. But what are Google Cloud “regions” in practice?
Google Cloud: what are the regions
All cloud services are based on servers that are physically located in certain locations around the world. It is clear that for Google the ideal would be to place all the servers near a power station that sells cheap energy, perhaps in a very cold place to avoid problems with the machines overheating and reduce cooling costs.
But it wouldn’t be the ideal choice for all users, as the performance of cloud services would be disappointing: the greater the distance the data has to travel, the higher the latency and the lower the data transmission speed. And if the user is a business, even small differences can negatively impact business.
That’s why there are Google Cloud “regions”: they are geographical areas served by dedicated hardware, to reduce costs and latency for businesses and, at the same time, increase performance. For the same reason, i.e. to further segment and optimize data traffic, each Google region is divided into three zones.
What is changing for Italy
The private Google Cloud user will only notice practical differences with the new Italian regions. Transferring files to Drive, for example, will not be faster. The big differences will be seen by companies with thousands of employees, who simultaneously access files and services and need to do so quickly and reliably.
The new regions of Google, therefore, being both in Italy, that is to say in the EU, eliminate any type of problem for companies that collect data from customers or suppliers and must use a compliant cloud service to the GDPR, possibly with the data physically placed on European soil.